Welcome to The Vein Treatment Center

Established in 1982, The Vein Treatment Center © is the leading New York City medical facility specializing exclusively in the treatment of varicose veins, spider veins, and related venous disorders.

The methods developed at the facility, including Endonvenous Laser Ablation (EVLT) and now Painless Sclerotherapy, have revolutionized the specialty and are used by physicians worldwide.



Vein Treatments Free Consultation

Meet Dr. Navarro

Dr. Luis Navarro, a Board Certified Phlebologist and vascular specialist, has devoted his professional life to the development of treatments for venous disorders. He has pioneered numerous non-invasive procedures, including EVLT, Combined Therapies, and now PAINLESS SCLEROTHERAPY.

About Dr. Navarro About the VTC

Painless Sclerotherapy

Advancements in technology have revolutionized Sclerotherapy and the treatment of veins on legs, hands and other areas of the body. The Vein Treatment Center has been treating veins for over 30 years with safe, fast, and long lasting cosmetic results.

Sclerotherapy Vein Treatments

Before & After Photos

View our before and after photo galleries that show the results of vein treatments on the legs, hands, face & more.

See for yourself why The Vein Treatment Center is the NYC leader in treating and removing unwanted varicose veins, spider veins, and all venous conditions.

Legs Hands Face



Category Archives: Varicose Vein Treatment

The Importance of Seeking Treatment for Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

Treatment for Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

Seeking treatment for varicose veins and spider veins is important not only for improving the appearance of your legs, but also for preventing more serious health issues. Varicose veins and spider veins are common conditions that affect many people, especially as they get older. While they are often viewed as a cosmetic issue, they can also be a sign of underlying venous disease.

The Risks of Untreated Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

Untreated varicose veins and spider veins can lead to more serious health issues over time. Varicose veins can cause pain, swelling, and discomfort, and can even lead to skin changes and ulcers. In severe cases, they can cause deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a serious condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein.

Spider veins, while not as serious as varicose veins, can still be a sign of underlying venous disease. They can also cause discomfort and self-consciousness, which can impact your quality of life.

Treatment Options for Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

There are several treatment options available for varicose veins and spider veins, depending on the severity of the condition. Minimally invasive procedures like endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) and sclerotherapy are often effective for treating varicose veins and spider veins.

EVLT uses laser energy to seal off the affected vein, while sclerotherapy involves injecting a solution into the vein, causing it to collapse and eventually disappear. These procedures are quick, virtually painless, and require little downtime, making them an attractive option for those seeking treatment for varicose veins and spider veins.

The Benefits of Seeking Treatment

Seeking treatment for varicose veins and spider veins can have several benefits. First and foremost, it can improve the appearance of your legs and boost your self-confidence. It can also alleviate pain and discomfort, making it easier to go about your daily activities.

In addition, seeking treatment of these veins can prevent more serious health issues from developing. Treating varicose veins and spider veins early can help prevent the development of deep vein thrombosis and other venous diseases.

Choosing a Vein Specialist

When choosing a vein specialist, it’s important to look for someone with experience and expertise in treating varicose veins and spider veins. Dr. Luis Navarro at the Vein Treatment Center© is a leading vein specialist in New York City, with over 30 years of experience in treating venous disease.

The Vein Treatment Center© offers a range of cosmetic vein treatment options, including minimally invasive procedures like EVLT and sclerotherapy. Their team of experienced vein specialists can help you determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs.

Treatment for Varicose Veins and Spider Veins: Conclusion

Varicose veins and spider veins may be common, but they can also be a sign of underlying venous disease. Seeking treatment for these conditions is important not only for improving the appearance of your legs, but also for preventing more serious health issues from developing.

The Vein Treatment Center © – NYC’s Original Vein Clinic

Established in 1982, The Vein Treatment Center © is the leading New York City medical facility specializing exclusively in the treatment of varicose veins, spider veins, and related venous disorders. The methods developed at the facility, including Endonvenous Laser Ablation (EVLT) and now Painless Sclerotherapy, have revolutionized the specialty and are used by physicians worldwide.


Schedule your free consultation and take the first step towards healthier, more beautiful legs. Don’t let varicose veins and spider veins impact your quality of life. Seek treatment today and enjoy the many benefits of healthier, more attractive legs.

The Vein Treatment Center ©
327 East 65th Street
New York, NY 10065

All About Varicose Vein Treatment

Best varicose veins treatment NYC | Before & after pics
Before & After Pics of Varicose Vein Treatment

Have you considered varicose vein treatment? Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that are usually visible under the skin and are often blue or dark purple in color. They are most commonly found in the legs and ankles, and while they are not typically a serious medical condition, they can be painful and unsightly. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes of varicose veins, the various treatment options available, and how to prevent them from occurring.

Causes of Varicose Veins

The primary cause of varicose veins is faulty valves in the veins. The valves in our veins are responsible for controlling the flow of blood back to the heart. When these valves become damaged or weakened, the blood is able to flow backwards, causing it to pool in the veins and leading to the development of varicose veins.

There are several risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing varicose veins, including aging, obesity, pregnancy, and a sedentary lifestyle. People who stand or sit for long periods of time are also at a higher risk, as are those with a family history of varicose veins.

Varicose Vein Treatment Options

There are several treatment options available for varicose veins, and the best one for you will depend on the severity of your condition and your personal preference. One option is sclerotherapy, which involves injecting a solution into the affected vein that causes it to scar and close off. This procedure is typically performed in a doctor’s office and does not require any downtime.

Another option is laser vein treatment, which uses laser energy to heat and damage the vein, causing it to collapse and be absorbed by the body. This procedure is also performed in a doctor’s office and does not require any downtime.

If the varicose veins are more severe, you may need to undergo a surgical procedure to remove them. This can be done through a traditional vein ligation and stripping procedure, or through newer, minimally-invasive techniques such as endovenous laser ablation or radiofrequency ablation. These procedures involve making a small incision in the leg and using a laser or radiofrequency energy to seal off the affected vein.

There are also several lifestyle changes that can help prevent the development of varicose veins or reduce their severity. These include maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and avoiding standing or sitting for long periods of time. Wearing compression stockings can also help to improve circulation and prevent the development of varicose veins.

It’s important to note that varicose veins are not just a cosmetic concern, and if you are experiencing painful symptoms or discomfort, it is important to seek treatment. Left untreated, varicose veins can lead to more serious complications such as blood clots, skin ulcers, and a condition called venous insufficiency, in which the veins are unable to pump enough blood back to the heart.

Varicose Vein Treatment: Conclusion

IVaricose veins | Top vein treatment clinic NYCn conclusion, varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that can be painful and unsightly. While they are not typically a serious medical condition, they can lead to more serious complications if left untreated. There are several treatment options available, including sclerotherapy, laser treatment, and surgical procedures. Making lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight and getting regular exercise can help prevent their development. If you are experiencing symptoms or discomfort, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for you.


For the best vein treatment in New York City, call Dr. Luis Navarro at the Vein Treatment Center ©, the original NYC medical center dedicated exclusively to the treatment of veins.

The Vein Treatment Center ©
327 East 65th Street
New York, NY 10065

Top Causes of Varicose Veins 2022

What are the top causes of varicose veins? Varicose veins are bulgy and twisted veins that appear on the skin. Any superficial vein can turn into a varicose vein for various reasons. These veins supply blood from the lower limbs to the heart. When you walk or stand upright, it generates pressure in the veins and pushes the blood forward. The valves in the veins prevent blood from moving backward. Damaged veins fail to move the blood in the right direction causing blood pools. This disrupts the blood flow towards the heart.

Top Causes of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins and spider veins are common and mild conditions. Usually, the conditions include cosmetic concerns. However, in severe conditions, people with varicose veins experience pain and discomfort in the legs. This happens when excessive blood blocks the veins.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

Common symptoms of varicose veins are:

  • Pain and aching in the legs after standing or sitting for a long time
  • Bulging veins appear on the skin
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Leg cramps, especially at night
  • Skin discoloration around ankles
  • Itchy, flaky, or dry skin
  • Muscle fatigue in the legs

Women experience symptoms of varicose veins during menstruation. People with varicose veins are at the risk of developing:

  • Phlebitis (Inflammation due to vein damage or blood clotting)
  • Deep vein thrombosis (increasing risk of developing blood clots)
  • The skin above veins becomes thin

Major Causes of Varicose Veins

The main cause of developing varicose veins is weak valves or walls in the veins. When the valves fail to close, the blood starts to flow backward. Sometimes, the veins lose their elasticity and become stretched. This results in weak valves and a blood pool. Many people develop varicose veins for no obvious reason. Here are some major causes of varicose veins:

1.     Gender

Varicose veins are more common in women than men. Many studies suggest that the female hormone relaxes the vein’s wall resulting in blood leaking. The human body releases hormones for various chemical activities. The hormone change can cause menopause, premenstrual syndrome, and pregnancy. When women go through hormonal changes, they develop varicose veins.

2.     Genetics

You are at the risk of developing varicose veins if your close family member experiences the condition. This indicates that varicose vein is a genetic disorder. You should visit a doctor to find your risk of developing varicose veins. The doctor will recommend genetic testing to understand your physical and behavioral characteristics.

3.     Age

Age is another factor that increases the risk of varicose veins. With increasing age, your veins lose elasticity. Furthermore, the valves inside the veins become weaker over time. Exercising and a healthy diet can prevent valves from stopping functioning.

4.     Being Overweight

Being overweight can also cause varicose veins. When your body weight increases, it puts pressure on the veins weakening the valves. The valves have to work harder to bring back blood to the heart. Excessive pressure on the valves leads to blood pools and leaking. Varicose veins due to body weight are common in women. You can prevent the varicose vein from developing by maintaining a healthy weight.

5.     Occupation

Jobs that require standing and sitting for a long period increase your risk of developing varicose veins. This happens when your body fails to flow blood from your lower limbs to the heart. So, if you have a job that requires excessive standing or sitting, you should take a walk for a couple of minutes every hour.

6.     Pregnancy

During pregnancy, the body requires more blood because of the baby’s development process. This increases blood circulation in the body. As a result, valves have to put more pressure to carry the blood to the heart. Extra strain on the veins results in varicose veins.

Top Causes of Varicose Veins | Vein Center NYC

Furthermore, hormonal levels increase during pregnancy. Because of that, the muscular blood vessel walls relax, increasing the risk of varicose veins. Moreover, expanding the uterus during the baby’s development causes varicose veins. The pressure on the pelvic veins increases with the expanding womb.

After giving birth, the bulging veins naturally improve in many women. But, some women need to visit a vein specialist for proper treatment.

Other Causes for Varicose Veins

Varicose veins develop for many other reasons as well. The condition includes:

  • Abnormal blood vessel
  • History of blood clotting
  • Tumor or swelling in the pelvis

Top Causes of Varicose Veins: Conclusion

The common causes of varicose veins include damaged or weakened veins. As a result, the blood pools in the veins, increasing pressure on the walls. As a result, the vein is visible above the skin. Sitting and standing for an extended period can increase the risks of varicose veins.

If you notice bulging or discolored veins appearing on the skin, you may want to visit a vein specialist. Dr. Luis Navarro is a professional vein specialist and surgeon at The Vein Treatment Center in New York City.

If you want to schedule a free consultation, call us today.

The Vein Treatment Center ©

Dr. Luis Navarro, MD, FACS

327 East 65th Street

New York, NY 10065

Is Varicose Vein Treatment Painful?

Many people ask vein specialist, “is varicose vein treatment painful?”. Varicose veins are faulty and damaged veins that appear on the skin’s surface. They are bulky and dark purple or blue-colored veins popping out of the skin. Usually, these veins appear beneath the skin, especially on legs and feet. According to research, up to 23 percent of people develop the venous disease in the United States. Many people fear painful and invasive vein removal treatment. If you are one of them, you should read this article.

Is Varicose Vein Treatment Painful?

Varicose veins occur due to damaged valves and inflexible veins. This vein fails to transfer the blood to the heart and acts against gravity. These veins can be painful and include many health consequences. If you develop varicose veins, you should immediately visit a professional vein specialist.

Traditional vein removal methods such as vein stripping was a painful treatment for this condition. But today, there are many non-invasive and less-invasive treatment methods. Below we will learn about modern varicose treatment procedures. These are outpatient treatment methods and don’t include complications.

Varicose Vein Removal and Pain

When people think about varicose vein treatments, they imagine about visiting operation theatre and getting general anesthesia. They are afraid of lengthy and invasive procedures. But, things are different now as there are many less invasive treatments available for varicose veins. The treatment is no longer a dramatic experience for the patient.

What’s more a vein specialist can perform these treatments in their clinic. Thanks to technology treatments such as endothermal ablation, sclerotherapy, and laser surgeries are available to treat the condition without surgery. These treatments are minimally invasive surgeries and include minimum recovery time.

Today, doctors don’t physically remove the varicose vein from the body. Instead, they close the damaged vein using radiofrequency, heat, and laser energy. After the vein closes, the blood flows from the vein. With time, the body absorbs it removing any sign of this bulgy vein. This is a minimally invasive treatment and doesn’t involve pain. Furthermore, these treatments require little time. Also, the doctor uses local anesthesia while treating the vein. Thus, advanced varicose treatment procedures don’t include physical vein removal.

Ambulatory Phlebectomy and Vein Stripping

Ambulatory phlebectomy and vein stripping techniques are two different procedures to remove varicose veins. Ambulatory phlebectomy is a varicose removal technique, introduced in the year 2000. Before Ambulatory phlebectomy, doctors used the vein stripping technique. This treatment solved saphenous vein reflux, an underlying disease that causes varicose veins.

Another technique to solve saphenous reflux is saphenous vein sclerotherapy. In this treatment, the doctor injects sclerosing foam or solution that closes the vein. With time, doctors moved to advanced treatment methods to eliminate varicose veins from the body. In both the above treatments, doctors used general or spinal anesthesia. Another reason to use advanced treatment methods is slow recovery. On the other hand, new treatments were quick and involve fewer complications.

For many years, people had treated varicose veins with invasive procedures. From the twentieth century and on, people started using advanced treatments that requiring local anesthesia. These more modern treatments use micro technology to eliminate varicose veins from the body.

After the removal of varicose veins through a minimally invasive technique such as ambulatory phlebectomy, the doctor will evaluate the condition and suggest techniques to prevent the bulging vein from reappearing. This includes exercise and compression stockings. The compression stockings or pads exert pressure on the veins.

Other Varicose Vein Treatment Options

A professional vein specialist will recommend an effective treatment process from a wide range of options. These are outpatient treatments. This means that the doctor will perform these treatments in their office. Also, the use of local anesthesia indicates that the treatments are minimally invasive. Once the doctor completes the process, you can leave for home. The doctor may prescribe OTC medication to hasten recovery time.

Is Varicose Vein Treatment Painful? VTC NYC

One of these treatments is endovenous thermal ablation. In this procedure, the doctor uses radiofrequency energy to seal the veins. This method corrects the reversals flow in the saphenous vein. These veins feed veins that, when not flowing correctly, lead to varicose veins. The doctor seals the opening of saphenous veins. As a result, the body starts to absorb blood from the damaged vein. As a result, the blood starts flowing to healthy veins.

Is Varicose Vein Treatment Painful? Conclusion

Advanced varicose vein treatments are minimally invasive and doctors will use local anesthesia to perform the complete process. If you develop a varicose vein, you can visit a vein specialist and they will suggest an effective treatment.

If you live in New York, visit The Vein Treatment Center ©. For over 30 years, Dr. Luis Navarro has been a pioneer in the treating of venous conditions. As the original vein clinic in New York City, established in 1982, the VTC expertise is second to none. Vein specialist Dr. Navarro will diagnose your condition and offer the most effective treatment to remove unwanted veins.

Call for your free consultation today:

The Vein Treatment Center ©
Dr. Luis Navarro, MD, FACS
327 East 65th Street
New York, NY 10065


Is Varicose Vein Removal Invasive or Non-Invasive?

The procedures related to varicose vein removal vary depending on the specific condition of the veins. It is common for people to seek vein treatments for venous diseases and disorders. However, it is not always the health concerns and medical issues that compel people to visit a vein treatment center.

Varicose Vein Removal Options

Many people struggle with self-consciousness as the spider and varicose veins appear on the skin. These twisted, enlarged, or bulging veins can affect the appearance of your skin. The good news is, there is a wide range of options to treat and remove such vein conditions.

While in most cases, these veins are harmless, they can also progress to chronic stages where people may experience discomfort and other painful symptoms. So, are all the varicose vein removal procedures invasive or non-invasive? Well, here’s a list of treatment methods that include both types.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are large bulging and enlarged veins that may appear blue, red, or bulging on the skin of your body. You may mostly see this type of vein condition near the legs and face of the affected person. The major symptom of varicose veins is high visibility. That is, you can easily spot and identify varicose veins on your skin.

Furthermore, these enlarged veins are mostly harmless. Yet, they can be the cause of heaviness, pain, swelling, achiness, etc., around the affected area. In chronic cases, ulcers can form, and discoloration of the skin can occur, which is a cause of immediate concern.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

There aren’t any obvious causes for varicose veins, but doctors believe some of the factors below might contribute to the formation of varicose veins on a person’s body. Veins can enlarge and bulge due to poor blood circulation.

How does blood circulation get affected? When the vein valves become dysfunctional, they affect the inflow and drainage of blood, causing the veins to twist, enlarge, and become deformed. When the blood starts pooling and clotting in the veins, it becomes a major reason for the appearance of varicose veins on your body. Below are some of the factors that might possibly lead to varicose veins:

  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Hormonal Changes
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Aging
  • Family History

What are Non-Invasive Varicose Vein Removal Options?

Traditionally, vein removal involved the complete stripping of the affected or damaged varicose vein. This way, the remaining tissue dissolved. Thanks to recent improvements and developments in the healthcare and surgical industry, non-invasive treatment and removal methods have become common and prevent the need of making minor or major incisions on the skin. Here are some non-invasive vein removal options.

Radiofrequency Ablation Therapy

During this procedure, doctors use ultrasound imaging to better view the patient’s affected area (usually the leg). After that, they may make a small incision in order to pass a wire catheter through the large vein.

Unlike traditional vein removal, doctors will make a single incision, after which the wire catheter will pass radiofrequency energy through the varicose veins and seal it.

Laser Ablation Therapies

Laser ablation therapies involve the use of laser lights that directly pass through the top layer of the skin surface. Following that, the doctor will use strong light bursts to destroy the varicose veins without the need to make any incisions. The veins will contract, collapse, and then fade.

What are Minimally Invasive Varicose Vein Removal Options?

Invasive vein removal methods involve major or multiple incisions to completely strip or remove the varicose veins from the affected part of the body. As a result, it leads to the complete disappearance of the varicose veins. Here are some options that involve invasive vein removal procedures.

Varicose Vein Removal: Invasive or non-invasive?


It is ambulatory phlebectomy that involves making multiple small incisions on the enlarged vein. After the incisions, the doctor uses special instruments to hold the incisions in place while they remove the varicose vein from the affected area.

During this procedure, they use general and local anesthesia to prevent any discomfort during the operation. What’s more, it is better to sedate the patient during this surgery as it requires frequent incisions around the same area.

Venous Stripping and Ligation

This straightforward and simple procedure involves a major incision on the enlarged and bulging vein. Your doctor will then remove the affected part of the varicose vein or strip it completely. Consequently, they will perform ligation on the remaining parts of the vein in order to ensure unhindered blood circulation in the surrounding veins.

Varicose Vein Removal: Conclusion

Do you require a non-invasive cosmetic or medical vein removal procedure? Are you willing to undergo an invasive surgical procedure to get rid of the varicose veins? Our experts at The Vein Treatment Center © can cater to your vein removal needs.

With the best vein treatment services in New York City since 1982, we deliver outstanding care and results for aesthetic vein treatments. Call or visit us today for a free consultation.

The Vein Treatment Center ©
Luis Navarro MD FACS
327 East 65th Street
New York, NY 10065


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Most Modern Treatments for Varicose Veins

What are the most modern treatments for varicose veins? The exact reason for varicose vein development is still unknown. However, many experts suggest that weakening of the vein valves is the most common reason. Your vein valves lose function for various reasons. This condition is common in women during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause because their bodies go through various changes when producing different hormones, such as progesterone and estrogen, in excess. These hormones weaken the inner wall of the vein, disrupting valve function. Birth control pills also affect blood circulation, and can cause varicose veins. The only solution to treat this condition is by removing the varicose vein. In contrast, the popular treatment process for removing these veins is less invasive. You can visit The Vein Treatment Center for expert consultation from surgeons who will diagnose the vein and recommend a suitable procedure. Here are some symptoms of various veins:

  • Fatigue or heaviness in the leg
  • Swelling
  • Skin discoloration
  • The pain of the veins
  • Throbbing pain or aching
  • Sores or skin irritation

Modern Treatments for Varicose Veins

Modern Treatments for Varicose Veins

1.     Thermal Ablation

Thermal ablation is a new varicose vein surgery that has replaced invasive vein stripping surgery. This technique is similar to endovenous laser treatment as it includes catheter tubes as well. During the procedure, the doctor will insert a small tube inside the vein. They will use an ultrasound screen to observe the process. They will inject tumescent anesthesia fluid, which surrounds the vein. This fluid will prevent heat from leaving the vein. The solution will also reduce pain as it includes anesthesia. Because of this fluid, surgeons can easily perform treatment without damaging nerves outside the vein. The catheter treats the inner lining of the vein, which shrinks them for your body to reabsorb. After the treatment, you have to wear compression stockings to maintain the pressure preventing blood to re-enter the vein.

2.     Non-Thermal Non-Tumescent Procedures

Many surgeons also perform procedures to remove the vein without heating. These are non-thermal non-tumescent treatments. Surgeons won’t use anesthesia in this treatment because the procedure does not include heating. This makes for a painless procedure with fewer consequences. The doctor will perform this treatment in their office so it takes less than an hour to eliminate the vein. After the procedure, you can return home and get back to regular activities.

3.     Endovenous Laser Ablation

This is one of the popular treatments to reduce varicose veins. It has a success rate of 94 to 100 percent. Doctors recommend this treatment for larger varicose veins. In this procedure, the surgeon will make a small incision in the skin and insert a catheter tube. The specialist will analyze the process using an ultrasound screen. After inserting the tube, they will introduce the laser fiber from the tube. Now the doctor will use a laser to heat the inner wall of the varicose vein. The heat will damage the inner lining closing the vein. The blood will move out of the vein shrinking it.

Once you are done with the procedure, your body will gradually absorb the vein so it completely disappears. The surgeon will use anesthesia to numb the treatment location, which prevents any discomfort. This is a non-invasive treatment so you can go home the same day. A professional surgeon will complete the process within an hour or less. After the procedure, you have to wear a compression stocking for a week or until the next follow-up session.

Most Modern Treatments for Varicose Veins

4.     Clarivein

Clarivein is another procedure without the need of inserting fluids around the vein. In this method, the doctor inserts a catheter inside the vein. Then, they will introduce a metal wire on the upper end of the vein. The rotation of wire damages the inner wall of the vein. After removing the catheter, the surgeon will inject a chemical inside the vein. This chemical will completely close off the vein.

Modern Treatments for Varicose Veins: Conclusion

The Vein Treatment Center © offers the best treatment process for your varicose veins. If you live in NYC, you can visit our clinic. Our professional surgeons will diagnose your condition and suggest the best treatment. Contact us at 212-249-6117 and speak to our expert surgeon over the call. You can also make an appointment and meet with our experienced doctor.

Top Causes of Varicose Veins

What are varicose veins and what causes them? Varicose veins are swollen and large veins that often become visible on the feet and legs. Varicose veins occur when the valves in the veins stop working properly. Due to which, the blood does not flow efficiently. Veins rarely require treatment for health concerns, but if you are experiencing aching, swelling, and pain in your legs, there are considerable treatments available for you.

Usually, varicose veins are known as bluish and bulging cords beneath the surface of your skin. They nearly affect legs and feet all the time. You may find visible twisted and swollen veins with some patches of flooded capillaries. These types of veins are known as spider veins and consider as external varicose veins. Although they can be painful and leave scars, they are typically harmless.

Other than a surface network of veins, your legs contain deep and venous network. On unusual occasions, inner leg veins become varicose. Such deep varicose veins are generally invisible, but they can cause aching or swelling all over the leg and might be in places where the blood clot is formed.

However, varicose veins are quite a common condition among people, and for several people, they are a family attribute. Women are approximately twice as likely as men to develop varicose veins.

what are the causes of varicose veins?

Causes Of Varicose Veins

The circulation of oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to every part of the body might face difficulty due to wide layers of elastic tissue or muscle in your arteries. Your veins mostly depend on their surrounding muscles and one-way valves to bring blood back to your heart.

A cup-like valve alternately opens and allows blood to flow through. After the flowing of blood is complete, the valve closes itself to prevent backflow. Any sort of condition that lay excessive pressure on your abdomen or legs can cause varicose veins.

People with obesity, pregnant, and follows a routine where they work while standing for a long time are more at risk. Varicose veins are also common in tumor patients and people suffering from chronic constipation. Being inactive also leads towards varicosity because your muscles that are steady in a single position for a long time can cause poor blood-pumping action.

As your veins weaken with age, the possibility of varicosity also increases. A previous leg injury possibly will damage the valves in a vein and cause you varicosity. Your family history also plays a vital role, so if any family member of yours has  or had varicose veins at any stage of their life, there is a large possibility that you might, too.

Some people believe that if you sit with your legs crossed you may not get varicose veins, although it can make worse your existing condition. The blood in your body flows in only one direction because the veins have one-way valves. The valves might get weaker due to less elasticity and flexibility around the walls of the vein. Eventually, the blood flows in the opposite direction due to the damaged valve. These damaged valves can allow blood to leak backward.

When this happens, blood can gather in the vein/s. As a result, the veins become enlarged and swollen. However, the veins in your legs are quite far from your heart because these veins are often affected.

According to experts, gravity makes it a bit difficult for blood to flow back to the heart from the lower area of your body, such as legs. Any situation that puts pressure on your stomach can cause varicose veins, for example, constipation, pregnancy, and tumors.

Symptoms Of Varicose Veins

In the majority of varicose veins cases, you might not feel any pain, but symptoms and signs of varicose veins may occur. However, the following are the symptoms/signs of varicose veins:

  • Veins look swollen, twisted, and bulging.
  • Your veins will turn into a blue or dark purple.

Some patients might also experience:

  • Aching in legs
  • Legs suffer from a heavy feeling, especially right after exercise.
  • Slight damage to the affected area might result in abnormal bleeding.
  • Lipodermatosclerosis – The fat below your skin and just above the ankle can become hard. Due to which your skin will start shrinking.
  • Your ankles will become swollen.
  • The affected area of your skin will suffer from itchiness, dryness, and become reddish.
  • Some of you will experience cramps on your affected leg.


Fortunately, treatment for your varicose veins will not restrict you to stay in the hospital because admitting in the hospital can result in uncomfortable recovery. Generally, varicose veins are quite easy to treat, especially on an outpatient basis, because of less invasive procedures. However, doctors often recommend self-care and compression stockings as a treatment after operating.

Top causes of varicose veins - Best Vein Treatment NYC


Self-care includes exercise, losing weight, wear loose clothes, uplifting of your legs, and avoid standing or sitting for long periods. As a result, you will experience and ease in pain and stop varicose veins from getting worse.

Compression stockings

Doctors recommend compression stockings, and wearing them all day is often the primary approach before preferring other treatments. They gradually squeeze your legs; help your leg muscles and veins in circulating blood more efficiently. The compression level varies by type and brand.

Call The Vein Treatment Center © in NYC To Treat Your Varicose Veins

Dr. Luis Navarro, Inventor of the patented painless sclerotherapy varicose veins treatment, is the leading expert in New York city in diagnosing and treating venous conditions. Call for a free consultation today:

327 East 65th Street
New York, NY 10065


Varicose Veins: All You Need to Know

What are Varicose Veins?

varicose-vein-leg-photo-01Have you noticed large bulging veins on your legs? If so, it’s likely that these bluish-purple bulges are varicosities or varicose veins. More than 23% of US adults suffer from varicose veins. The data translates into the fact that 1 in 4 adults have or will develop varicose veins.

Varicose veins are the twisted, misshaped veins that become enlarged and dilated. Usually, your leg veins get affected the most because of the increased pressure in the lower body veins. The veins, over-filled with blood, appear swollen and have a bluish-purple color. Varicose veins can be painful in some cases.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

While this venous disorder has many symptoms, the most visible is the twisted veins in your legs. Also, you may experience pain or swelling around the dilated veins. Here are signs that you should not ignore.

  • Veins appearing blue, dark purple, or red
  • Bulging and twisted veins (mostly on the legs) which can look like cords

In case of severe varicose veins, you may develop these symptoms:

  • Aching in the legs
  • Heaviness in the legs; especially after some exercise
  • Discoloration of the skin (turning brown or blue)around the varicose vein
  • Swollen legs and ankles
  • Muscle cramps while standing up suddenly
  • Heaviness after standing or sitting for a long period
  • Varicose veins may lead to spider veins
  • Lipodermatosclerosis –Skin fat above your ankle may become hard causing the skin to become thin
  • Significant bleeding in the veins
  • Ulcers around the ankles

How do Varicose Veins Occur?

There is a complex network of veins running through the human body — the arteries transport blood from the heart to the tissues. The veins then return blood to your heart for blood recirculation. The veins in your legs act against gravity to return the blood to the heart.

However, when veins don’t function properly, symptoms of varicose veins occur. Weak or damaged valves in the veins affect healthy blood flow. Rather than flowing towards your heart, blood begins to accumulate in the veins. As a result, the veins enlarge.

The circulation network in your legs is more likely to experience varicose veins as they are the farthest from the heart. Because of gravity, it becomes harder for the blood to flow in an upward direction.

  • There is a genetic predisposition to develop veins. 60-70% of patients with varicose veins have a family history of veins more frequent on the mother’s side.
  • Varicose veins are more common in women than men; pregnancy and menopause can cause varicose veins
  • Overweight or obsess people have a higher risk of varicose veins
  • With aging your vein valves become weak due to wear and tear, thereby making you prone to varicose veins
  • Standing for too long also dilates the veins.



For diagnosis, the doctor physically examines your legs as you stand. Your doctor may inquire about the symptoms, such as aching or heavy feeling in the legs.

Also, your doctor may conduct an ultrasound to identify any abnormality in the functioning of the vein valves. He may find some evidence of obstruction, such as a blood clot in the vein.

For further examination, the radiologist may perform a venogram on your legs. During the procedure, a special type of dye is injected in the affected leg and X-rays are taken. A more modern and effective test is called a MRV (Magnetic Resonance of the Veins) usually reserve for deep venous systems or complicated cases.

Treatments for Varicose Veins

best-treatment-varicose-veins-nyc-03Adopting a healthy lifestyle and tweaking some habits can help you prevent varicose veins. For instance, daily exercise can improve blood circulation. A healthy diet helps to maintain a healthy weight, thereby reducing your chances of forming varicose veins.

If your job requires you to stand for long periods, consider taking breaks. You may walk around or sit for some time. More important the doctor may also advise you to wear compression socks or stockings. However, if the varicose veins become worse and cause pain, you may have to undergo treatment.


painless-sclerotherapy-vein-treatment-04During the sclerotherapy procedure, the doctor injects a solution or foam in small or medium sized varicose veins. The foam scars the varicose veins and closes them. The doctor may repeat the procedure on the same or other veins.

The treated area will bruise and the veins will fade away within a few weeks. Sclerotherapy is a painless procedure and does not require anesthesia. Sclerotherapy is an effective treatment for small and medium size varicose veins if properly performed.

Endovenous Laser Ablation (EVLA)

This procedure was developed and patented at The Vein Treatment Center © by vein treatment pioneer Dr. Luis Navarro.

In the office under local anesthesia a small laser fiber is introduced into the vein and with laser energy, the vein is closed. The procedure takes around 25 minutes, bandages applied, and patient can resume their normal activities within the same or next day.

This procedure is often combined with a Mini-Phlebectomy of the small branches. Afterwards, Sclerotherapy is used to remove the remaining spider veins.


mini-phlebectomy-vein-treatment-nyc-05This is procedure to removed small or medium sized veins, or so called perforators.

Under local anesthesia, through tiny incisions, and with small hooks, the veins are removed. The procedure takes around 20 minutes, dressings are applied, and the patient may resume normal activities the same day.

Vein Ligation and Stripping

Almost abandoned since the development of Endovenous Laser Ablation (EVLT) by Dr. Luis Navarro, chief vascular doctor at The Vein Treatment Center ©.

In the hospital, under general anesthesia, an incision is made at the groin, and the main vein is disconnected in the deep system. Through another incision at the ankle or knee, a wire is passed through the vein and up to the groin, and the vein is stripped.

The patient is given anesthesia before the treatment. The surgeon marks incisions in the skin, cuts the enlarged vein, and then removes it. The procedure may causes bleeding, bruising, and pain. However, a patient will recover in 3-4 weeks post-surgery.

Varicose Veins: Contact The Vein Treatment Center ©

Even if you don’t feel pain, but enlarged veins are visible, you should see a vein doctor. In severe cases such as swollen and bulging leg veins, you might need to undergo a minimally invasive procedure. For painless sclerotherapy, EVLA, mini-plebectomy, or laser therapy for veins, contact the Vein Treatment Center © and schedule an appointment with the best vascular specialists in NYC.

The Vein Treatment Center ©
327 East 65th Street
New York, NY 10065

Our Most Popular Vein Treatments:
Painless Sclerotherapy
Foam Sclerotherapy
Endovenous Laser Ablation
Laser Therapy