Welcome to The Vein Treatment Center

Established in 1982, The Vein Treatment Center © is the leading New York City medical facility specializing exclusively in the treatment of varicose veins, spider veins, and related venous disorders.

The methods developed at the facility, including Endonvenous Laser Ablation (EVLT) and now Painless Sclerotherapy, have revolutionized the specialty and are used by physicians worldwide.



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Meet Dr. Navarro

Dr. Luis Navarro, a Board Certified Phlebologist and vascular specialist, has devoted his professional life to the development of treatments for venous disorders. He has pioneered numerous non-invasive procedures, including EVLT, Combined Therapies, and now PAINLESS SCLEROTHERAPY.

About Dr. Navarro About the VTC

Painless Sclerotherapy

Advancements in technology have revolutionized Sclerotherapy and the treatment of veins on legs, hands and other areas of the body. The Vein Treatment Center has been treating veins for over 30 years with safe, fast, and long lasting cosmetic results.

Sclerotherapy Vein Treatments

Before & After Photos

View our before and after photo galleries that show the results of vein treatments on the legs, hands, face & more.

See for yourself why The Vein Treatment Center is the NYC leader in treating and removing unwanted varicose veins, spider veins, and all venous conditions.

Legs Hands Face



Tag Archives: causes

Pudendal Veins: Definition, Causes, & Treatment

What are pudendal veins? If you are familiar with what varicose veins are or already have this problem, you must be aware of what it actually is and how you can find the best treatment possible. If you notice particular veins to be more visible than other veins, you need to get it checked by a specialist.

Pudendal Veins: Causes, Definition, Treatment

Pain or swellings are common symptoms, and it highly advised not to ignore them at any cost. Many problems may occur moving forward if you do not identify the source of varicose veins and get treatment. Mostly, your abdominal veins or pudendal veins are the main culprits behind varicose veins.

Let’s discuss the pudendal veins, what they mean, what causes it, and how you can find the proper treatment for it.

What are Pudendal Veins?

First, we want to create an understanding of the two types of Pudendal veins, external and internal. Internal pudendal veins refer to the set of veins in the pelvis area. These veins are the venae comitantes or accompanying veins of the internal pudendal artery. They originate from the deep vein area of the vulva and penis and run down to the leg. On the other hand, external pudendal veins are also a set of veins in the pelvis; however, they drain into a large vein of the leg called the great saphenous vein.

What Causes Pudendal Veins?

Well, these veins, as we mentioned above, are present in the upper area of the thigh that runs from the genital area and abdomen right down to the leg. Usually, women develop pudendal veins after pregnancy due to various changes that take place in the pelvic veins from a pregnant uterus. It also happens because of the drastic increase in hormone levels.

These veins primarily occur when the valves of the blood vessels tend to malfunction, resulting in the blood to flow back into the vein. The blood starts accumulating in the veins and obstructs the major pelvic veins. Besides, pudendal veins can occur due to old age, obesity, and even lack of movement.

Are there any Symptoms?

Now that you know what causes this condition, you must learn how you can identify pudendal veins in your body. The symptoms that identify an issue in the pelvic area include a heavy sensation or feeling in the abdominal area, post-coital pain.

You may face irritation in the bladder and a painful menstrual cycle. Note that you will experience these symptoms if the pudendal veins are associated with pelvic congestion syndrome.

How Are They Treated?

First, we need to mention if it’s okay to leave the veins untreated as some people tend not to give it much importance. However, if left untreated, it can lead to severe problems, including rashes, bleeding, soreness, and even blood clots. In cases where your leg swells up, the complications may turn out to be more serious.

Not only that, but leaving the veins untreated can result in seepage of blood into the surrounding tissues. This will result in an inflammation of the tissues and may even cause a discoloration called hyperpigmentation. Furthermore, leg ulcers may also occur from the skin breaking down around the untreated veins.


The diagnosis of pudendal veins is relatively easy through the use of physical examinations and ultrasounds. Sclerotherapy is an effective treatment to eliminate these veins. This treatment involves injecting foam or solution in the veins, which results in inflammation and the blood vessels to narrow. The surgeon then closes the varicose veins following the same process.

However, in some cases, the pudendal veins exist along with other problems. For instance, if the main vein is faulty, the surgeon will first perform other procedures, such as an EVLT, to treat the issue.


Women are likely to develop pudendal veins post-delivery because of the changes that happen in the pelvic area. These veins are one of the main reasons for developing varicose veins. However, both conditions are easy to diagnose and treat.

Sclerotherapy is a painless procedure that eliminates pudendal and varicose veins from your body. So, if you ever face any of the symptoms that indicate pudendal veins, you must call a doctor or visit a specialist.

If you are looking for the best vein clinic in NYC with decades of experience, contact Vein Treatment Center © today. We offer the best treatment options for pudendal and varicose veins, including sclerotherapy, EVLT, and other non-invasive procedures.

800-300-VEIN  |  212-249-6117

327 East 65th Street, New York, NY 10065

Varicose Veins: All You Need to Know

What are Varicose Veins?

varicose-vein-leg-photo-01Have you noticed large bulging veins on your legs? If so, it’s likely that these bluish-purple bulges are varicosities or varicose veins. More than 23% of US adults suffer from varicose veins. The data translates into the fact that 1 in 4 adults have or will develop varicose veins.

Varicose veins are the twisted, misshaped veins that become enlarged and dilated. Usually, your leg veins get affected the most because of the increased pressure in the lower body veins. The veins, over-filled with blood, appear swollen and have a bluish-purple color. Varicose veins can be painful in some cases.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

While this venous disorder has many symptoms, the most visible is the twisted veins in your legs. Also, you may experience pain or swelling around the dilated veins. Here are signs that you should not ignore.

  • Veins appearing blue, dark purple, or red
  • Bulging and twisted veins (mostly on the legs) which can look like cords

In case of severe varicose veins, you may develop these symptoms:

  • Aching in the legs
  • Heaviness in the legs; especially after some exercise
  • Discoloration of the skin (turning brown or blue)around the varicose vein
  • Swollen legs and ankles
  • Muscle cramps while standing up suddenly
  • Heaviness after standing or sitting for a long period
  • Varicose veins may lead to spider veins
  • Lipodermatosclerosis –Skin fat above your ankle may become hard causing the skin to become thin
  • Significant bleeding in the veins
  • Ulcers around the ankles

How do Varicose Veins Occur?

There is a complex network of veins running through the human body — the arteries transport blood from the heart to the tissues. The veins then return blood to your heart for blood recirculation. The veins in your legs act against gravity to return the blood to the heart.

However, when veins don’t function properly, symptoms of varicose veins occur. Weak or damaged valves in the veins affect healthy blood flow. Rather than flowing towards your heart, blood begins to accumulate in the veins. As a result, the veins enlarge.

The circulation network in your legs is more likely to experience varicose veins as they are the farthest from the heart. Because of gravity, it becomes harder for the blood to flow in an upward direction.

  • There is a genetic predisposition to develop veins. 60-70% of patients with varicose veins have a family history of veins more frequent on the mother’s side.
  • Varicose veins are more common in women than men; pregnancy and menopause can cause varicose veins
  • Overweight or obsess people have a higher risk of varicose veins
  • With aging your vein valves become weak due to wear and tear, thereby making you prone to varicose veins
  • Standing for too long also dilates the veins.



For diagnosis, the doctor physically examines your legs as you stand. Your doctor may inquire about the symptoms, such as aching or heavy feeling in the legs.

Also, your doctor may conduct an ultrasound to identify any abnormality in the functioning of the vein valves. He may find some evidence of obstruction, such as a blood clot in the vein.

For further examination, the radiologist may perform a venogram on your legs. During the procedure, a special type of dye is injected in the affected leg and X-rays are taken. A more modern and effective test is called a MRV (Magnetic Resonance of the Veins) usually reserve for deep venous systems or complicated cases.

Treatments for Varicose Veins

best-treatment-varicose-veins-nyc-03Adopting a healthy lifestyle and tweaking some habits can help you prevent varicose veins. For instance, daily exercise can improve blood circulation. A healthy diet helps to maintain a healthy weight, thereby reducing your chances of forming varicose veins.

If your job requires you to stand for long periods, consider taking breaks. You may walk around or sit for some time. More important the doctor may also advise you to wear compression socks or stockings. However, if the varicose veins become worse and cause pain, you may have to undergo treatment.


painless-sclerotherapy-vein-treatment-04During the sclerotherapy procedure, the doctor injects a solution or foam in small or medium sized varicose veins. The foam scars the varicose veins and closes them. The doctor may repeat the procedure on the same or other veins.

The treated area will bruise and the veins will fade away within a few weeks. Sclerotherapy is a painless procedure and does not require anesthesia. Sclerotherapy is an effective treatment for small and medium size varicose veins if properly performed.

Endovenous Laser Ablation (EVLA)

This procedure was developed and patented at The Vein Treatment Center © by vein treatment pioneer Dr. Luis Navarro.

In the office under local anesthesia a small laser fiber is introduced into the vein and with laser energy, the vein is closed. The procedure takes around 25 minutes, bandages applied, and patient can resume their normal activities within the same or next day.

This procedure is often combined with a Mini-Phlebectomy of the small branches. Afterwards, Sclerotherapy is used to remove the remaining spider veins.


mini-phlebectomy-vein-treatment-nyc-05This is procedure to removed small or medium sized veins, or so called perforators.

Under local anesthesia, through tiny incisions, and with small hooks, the veins are removed. The procedure takes around 20 minutes, dressings are applied, and the patient may resume normal activities the same day.

Vein Ligation and Stripping

Almost abandoned since the development of Endovenous Laser Ablation (EVLT) by Dr. Luis Navarro, chief vascular doctor at The Vein Treatment Center ©.

In the hospital, under general anesthesia, an incision is made at the groin, and the main vein is disconnected in the deep system. Through another incision at the ankle or knee, a wire is passed through the vein and up to the groin, and the vein is stripped.

The patient is given anesthesia before the treatment. The surgeon marks incisions in the skin, cuts the enlarged vein, and then removes it. The procedure may causes bleeding, bruising, and pain. However, a patient will recover in 3-4 weeks post-surgery.

Varicose Veins: Contact The Vein Treatment Center ©

Even if you don’t feel pain, but enlarged veins are visible, you should see a vein doctor. In severe cases such as swollen and bulging leg veins, you might need to undergo a minimally invasive procedure. For painless sclerotherapy, EVLA, mini-plebectomy, or laser therapy for veins, contact the Vein Treatment Center © and schedule an appointment with the best vascular specialists in NYC.

The Vein Treatment Center ©
327 East 65th Street
New York, NY 10065

Our Most Popular Vein Treatments:
Painless Sclerotherapy
Foam Sclerotherapy
Endovenous Laser Ablation
Laser Therapy